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Business Finance Team Roles Ultimate Guide

Roles in Finance Team for Your Business: Ultimate Guide

After scoping out the finance industry landscape, our business analysts have parsed out what you need to know.

Whether you're just starting out or scaling up, understanding these roles is your first step to financial mastery.

We'll walk you through the essential positions, from savvy accountants to forward-thinking financial planners.

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Finance Team Roles Comparison Table


Primary Responsibility

Primary Skill


Average Pay

Strategic financial planning and risk management
Leadership and financial acumen
Bachelor's degree in Finance/Accounting, MBA preferred
$125,000 - $250,000
Financial Analyst
Analyzing financial data and forecasting trends
Analytical and problem-solving skills
Bachelor's degree in Finance/Economics
$60,000 - $85,000
Managing financial records and ensuring compliance
Attention to detail and accuracy
Bachelor's degree in Accounting/Finance
$50,000 - $70,000
Maintaining accurate financial records
Organizational and data entry skills
Associate's degree in Accounting or related field
$35,000 - $50,000
Overseeing accounting department and financial reporting
Management and accounting expertise
Bachelor's degree in Accounting/Finance, CPA preferred
$90,000 - $130,000
Treasury Manager
Managing cash flow and financial assets
Financial management and analysis
Bachelor's degree in Finance/Accounting, CFA/CPA advantageous
$80,000 - $120,000

Overview of Key Finance Team Roles

From the strategic foresight of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) to the meticulous record-keeping of the bookkeeper, finance roles form the financial backbone of your business.

Let's dive into each of these roles:

Chief Financial Officer (CFO)

Chief Financial Officer

The CFO is the financial maestro of your business, playing a pivotal role in shaping its financial future.

They're strategic thinkers and risk managers, which is why CFOs are deeply involved in high-level decision-making and long-term financial planning.

They navigate the complexities of financial reporting, ensuring the business stays on a profitable course while mitigating financial risks.

CFO responsibilities include:

  • Strategic Financial Planning: Crafting long-term financial strategies to drive growth.
  • Risk Management: Identifying and mitigating financial risks to the company.
  • Financial Reporting and Analysis: Overseeing the preparation and analysis of financial reports.
  • High-Level Decision Making: Participating in key decisions affecting the company's financial future.

Read my guide to learn everything to know about hiring a startup CFO and be sure to ask these 20 interview questions for CFOs.

Financial Analyst

Financial Analyst

Financial analysts are the data wizards of the finance team. They dive deep into financial data, using insights to forecast future trends and guide investment decisions.

Their analytical prowess is crucial for business growth, turning numbers into actionable strategies. They're the ones who read between the lines of financial statements to spot opportunities and risks early.

The top responsibilities of a financial analyst include:

  • Financial Data Analysis: Analyzing financial data to identify trends and insights.
  • Forecasting: Predicting future financial trends and outcomes.
  • Investment Advice: Providing recommendations on investment opportunities and strategies.
  • Business Growth Contribution: Offering data-driven insights to support business expansion and efficiency.



Accountants are the guardians of financial accuracy. They manage financial records with precision, ensuring compliance with regulations.

Accountants prepare financial statements that tell the story of your business's financial health.

Some accountants specialize in areas like tax accounting or management accounting, offering tailored expertise to meet specific financial needs.

Accountant responsibilities entail:

  • Financial Record Management: Ensuring accurate and timely maintenance of financial records.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Keeping up with financial regulations and ensuring compliance.
  • Financial Statement Preparation: Creating detailed financial reports like balance sheets and income statements.
  • Specialization Areas: Focusing on specific fields such as tax accounting or management accounting.



Bookkeepers meticulously record day-to-day financial transactions. Their work is foundational, keeping financial data organized and up-to-date.

This role maintains the integrity of your financial records, ensuring that every penny is accounted for. Bookkeepers ensure that your financial reports are as accurate as they are insightful.

Bookkeepers are responsible for:

  • Daily Financial Recording: Accurately recording day-to-day financial transactions.
  • Financial Data Organization: Keeping financial records organized and accessible.
  • Reconciliation: Ensuring consistency and accuracy between different financial records.
  • Supporting Financial Reporting: Preparing financial statements and reports.



Controllers oversee your accounting department. They manage budgets, produce financial reports, and ensure that your accounting practices are up to date.

Their role is critical in establishing and maintaining internal controls. They safeguard your company's financial reporting from inaccuracies or mismanagement.

They're the ones who ensure that your financial house is not just in order, but optimized for efficiency and growth.

Controller’s responsibilities include:

  • Accounting Department Oversight: Managing and supervising the accounting team.
  • Budget Management: Developing and overseeing company budgets.
  • Financial Reporting: Producing comprehensive financial reports.
  • Internal Controls: Implementing and monitoring internal financial controls and procedures.

Treasury Manager

Treasury Manager

The treasury manager is your financial safeguard, managing the organization's cash flow, financial assets, and investments.

They're key players in risk management and capital funding strategies, ensuring that your business has the liquidity to meet its obligations and the insight to invest wisely.

They manage financial resources, supporting the overall financial strategy of your business.

Treasury managers’ responsibilities include:

  • Cash Flow Management: Overseeing the cash flow management.
  • Financial Asset Management: Handling the company's financial assets and investment portfolios.
  • Risk Management: Playing a key role in financial risk assessment and mitigation.
  • Capital Funding Strategies: Developing and implementing strategies for capital funding and investment.

Tips for Building and Managing an Effective Finance Team

Tips for Building and Managing Finance Team

Building and managing an effective finance team is like assembling a dream team where each player's strengths contribute to the success of your business.

Let's break down how you can recruit and retain top-notch finance professionals:

Recruit Skilled Professionals

Recruiting finance roles is like matchmaking for your business. You're not just looking for impressive resumes; you're seeking individuals who align with your company's culture and goals.

To attract top talent:

  • Leverage Networking and Industry Contacts: Sometimes the best candidates come through word-of-mouth or professional recommendations.
  • Utilize Specialized Recruitment Platforms: Platforms like LinkedIn are great, but also consider finance-specific job boards like Toptal.
  • Emphasize Growth Opportunities: Top professionals are always looking to grow. Highlight how your company fosters professional development.

Retaining Skilled Finance Professionals

Once you've got the right people, keeping them is key. Retention is all about creating an environment where professionals feel valued and see a future.

To retain your finance team:

  • Offer Competitive Compensation and Benefits: Stay informed about industry standards and ensure your packages are competitive.
  • Foster a Positive Work Culture: A supportive and collaborative environment goes a long way in keeping team members happy and motivated.
  • Provide Opportunities for Professional Development: Encourage and support ongoing learning and career advancement.

Leveraging Toptal for Top-Tier Finance Talent

Finding the right talent can be challenging, but platforms like Toptal simplify this process.

Think of Toptal as your talent scout in the finance world. They specialize in connecting businesses with top-tier finance professionals, tailored to your specific needs. With Toptal, you can:

  • Access a Pre-Vetted Pool of Professionals: Toptal's rigorous screening process means you're choosing from the best of the best.
  • Find Talent Matched to Your Business Needs: Whether you need a CFO or a financial analyst, Toptal can help you find professionals with the exact skill set you require.
  • Enjoy Flexible Hiring Solutions: Whether you need full-time, part-time, or project-based talent, Toptal offers the flexibility to match your business's evolving needs.

Integrating The Finance Team with Business Strategy

Integrating Finance Team with Business Strategy

Integrating your finance team with your business strategy ensures that every financial decision and action is in lockstep with your broader business goals.

Here are some tips to use:

Align Finance Team Roles with Business Strategy

Think of your finance team as strategic partners in your business journey. Their insights and actions should mirror and support your business objectives. To achieve this alignment:

  • Involve the Finance Team in Strategic Planning: Bring them into the boardroom. Their insights can transform plans from good to great.
  • Set Shared Goals: Ensure that the finance team's objectives are directly linked to the company's overall goals. This creates a unified direction.
  • Regular Strategy Reviews: Have frequent check-ins to ensure the finance strategy adapts to any changes in the overall business strategy.

Foster Collaboration Between Departments

The finance team shouldn't operate in a silo. Their expertise is invaluable across all departments, from marketing to operations. To foster this collaboration:

  • Cross-Departmental Meetings: Regular meetings between finance and other departments can spark innovative solutions and mutual understanding.
  • Joint Projects: Encourage projects that require input from finance and other departments. This not only improves the project outcome but also builds inter-departmental relationships.
  • Open Communication Channels: Establish clear and open lines of communication. This encourages a culture of transparency and collaborative problem-solving.

Turn to Toptal for Your Finance Hiring Needs

Best Place to Build Finance Team

A strong finance team is key to business success, and finding the right talent is crucial.

Toptal simplifies this, offering a pool of top finance professionals perfectly matched to your business needs. Their expertise in understanding and meeting specific hiring requirements makes them an ideal choice.

For top-tier finance talent, consider Toptal your first stop.

Why We Like Toptal

Toptal Logo


  • Top Talent: Get access to elite, pre-screened candidates (only accepts the top 3%)
  • Flexibility: Ideal for long-term or shorter-term specialty projects
  • 14-Day Risk-Free Trial: Only get billed if you're satisfied

Learn More

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the roles of a business finance team?

A business finance team manages financial health, including roles like CFO, accountant, financial analyst, bookkeeper, controller, and treasury manager.

How do you build a strong finance team?

Build a strong finance team by recruiting skilled professionals, offering competitive compensation, fostering a positive work culture, and providing growth opportunities.

What is a finance operations team?

A finance operations team focuses on the day-to-day financial activities of a business, handling tasks like transaction processing, payroll, invoicing, and financial record-keeping.